Copy of OSHA Trade Release

Copy of the April 30, 2018 OSHA Trade Relase re: Tracking of Workplace Injuries and Illnesses electronically. For more info go to OSHA.gov.

Trade Release

Department of Labor, United States of America

U.S. Department of Labor
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Office of Communications
Washington, D.C.
www.osha.gov

For Immediate Release
April 30, 2018
Contact: Office of Communications
Phone: 202-693-1999

U.S. Department of Labor Fixes Error Dating to 2016 Implementation of “Improve Tracking of Workplace Injuries and Illnesses” Regulation

WASHINGTON, DC – Following a review of the requirements put in place in 2016 regarding the “Improve Tracking of Workplace Injuries and Illnesses” regulation, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has taken action to correct an error that was made with regard to implementing the final rule.

OSHA determined that Section 18(c)(7) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, and relevant OSHA regulations pertaining to State Plans, require all affected employers to submit injury and illness data in the Injury Tracking Application (ITA) online portal, even if the employer is covered by a State Plan that has not completed adoption of their own state rule.

OSHA immediately notified State Plans and informed them that for Calendar Year 2017 all employers covered by State Plans will be expected to comply. An employer covered by a State Plan that has not completed adoption of a state rule must provide Form 300A data for Calendar Year 2017.  Employers are required to submit their data by July 1, 2018. There will be no retroactive requirement for employers covered by State Plans that have not adopted a state rule to submit data for Calendar Year 2016.

A notice has been posted on the ITA website and related OSHA webpages informing stakeholders of the corrective action.

Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for providing safe and healthful workplaces for their employees. OSHA’s role is to ensure these conditions for America’s working men and women by setting and enforcing standards, and providing training, education and assistance. For more information, visit www.osha.gov.

# # #

Beyond the costs of an injury — BWC Blog

A good read about prevention of injury and the need to address health disparities.

By Mark Leung, BWC Technical Medical Specialist, Recently promoted from the BWC Safety & Hygiene Fellowship program Occupational health and safety has been a public health focus for many years. Emphasizing worker protection and well-being advances the overall goal of reducing negative health outcomes in the future. The need to address health disparities within the […]

via Beyond the costs of an injury — BWC Blog

Origin of May Day | Bombing of Haymarket Square on May 4, 1886

International Labors Day – May 1 each year

According to the NIST Institute, May 1st of every year is known as International Labors Day and is dedicated to paying tribute to the Workers. 

It is also known as “May Day” and “International Workers Day,” and is a National Holiday in India and at least 80 other countries. 

apple-laptop-startup-photos

 

 

 

Origin of May Day

May Day originated by Labor Unions of the United States and Canada  in 1886 when on May 1st, the U.S. Labor Movement went on Strike to support an 8 hour work day and have better pay. 

 

Bombing of Haymarket Square on May 4, 1886

According to Wikipedia,  

“The Haymarket Affair was the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration on Tuesday, May 4, 1886, at Haymarket Square in Chicago. 

“It began as a peaceful rally in support of workers striking for an eight-hour day and in reaction to the killing of several workers the previous day by the police.  An unknown person threw a dynamite bomb at police as they acted to disperse the public meeting.”

The parties  to the civil conflict were the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions (resulting in 4 deaths and 70+ injured) and the Chicago Police Department (resulting in 7 deaths and 60 injured).

President Grover Cleveland – 22nd and 24th President of U.S.

According to Wikipedia,

“Stephen Grover Cleveland was the 22nd and 24th Present of the United States, the only president in American history to serve two non-consecutive terms in office (1885-89 and 1893-97) . . . President Cleveland launched the Progressive Era.”

President Grover Cleveland Signed 8 Hour Work Day Into Law

President Grover Cleveland signed the 8 hour work day into law in 1894 as a result of the strike that occurred in 1886. 

U.S. and  Canada Celebrate Labor Day September 1st

The United States and Canada observe Labor Day on September 1st each year while most of the world celebrate Labor Day on May 1st.

Haymarket Massacre in Chicago as Origin of May Day

According to Wikipedia, “The Haymarket Affair is generally considered significant as the origin of International May Day observances for workers.” 

According to labor studies Professor, William J. Adelman:

“No single event has influenced the history of labor in Illinois, the United States, and even the world more than the Chicago Haymarket Affair.  It began with a rally on May 4, 1886, but the consequences are still being felt today.  Although the rally is included in American history textbooks, very few present the event accurately or point out its significance.”

Driving is Risk Factor for Low Back Pain

Occupational Medicine, Vol. 48, No. 3., pp. 153-160, 1998, “Musculoskeletal Problems and Driving in Police Officers,” written by D. E. Gyi and J. M. Porter, Vehicle Ergonomics Group, Department of Design and Technology, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, United Kingdom:

In the above-mentioned study, the Occupational Health Department of a rural police force in the United Kingdom had concerns with relation to driving and its link to musculoskeletal disorders.

“There are now an increasing number of researchers whose work implicates prolonged exposure to car driving as a risk factor for low back pain.  However, such epidemiological studies examining the relationship between car driving and back pain or other musculoskeletal troubles are difficult to conduct.  Driving as a task involves prolonged sitting, a fixed posture, and vibration, any of which could directly lead to musculoskeletal trouble.  It is likely that symptoms arise from multiple relationships and influences, (Rey, P., 1979).”

“These police drivers are also deemed to be at particular risk because of the following:

  • They are generally tall males and wear bulky clothing such that seat adjustment may be insufficient to obtain a good posture.
  • They drive fleet cars where the seat and suspension are exposed to excessive wear and tear.
  • They often have to drive in rapid response situations such that they are exposed to fast acceleration and deceleration.
  • Driving is often followed by strenuous physical activity such as lifting and running.
  • They spend most of their eight-hour shift driving or sitting in their vehicle.
  • They often have to take back-seat passengers, such that tall males are unable to take advantage of any seat adjustments that do exist.”

“In a survey of 2,000 U.S. police officers, the number and types of health disorders reported b these officers over a 6-month period were similar to those found in the general public over a 12 month period, (Hurrel, J., 1984).”

The results of the above-mentioned study agree with the findings of other studies that indicate driving a car is a risk factor for the development of low back pain.

OSHA News

OSHA Safe and Sound Week

U.S. Department of Labor
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Office of Communications
202-693-1999
Department of Labor, United States of America
Mark Your Calendars!
Safe + Sound Week 2018 to be held August 13 – 19

Safe and Sound Week 2018 logo
We are pleased to announce the date for the 2018 Safe + Sound Week, August 13-19.

The second annual Safe + Sound Week is a nationwide effort to raise awareness of the value of workplace safety and health programs. These programs can help employers and workers identify and manage workplace hazards before they cause injury or illness, improving a company’s financial bottom line.

Throughout this week, organizations are encouraged to host events and activities that showcase the core elements of an effective safety and health program, including: management leadership, worker participation, and finding and fixing workplace hazards.

Visit the Safe + Sound Week webpage for more information and stay tuned for additional updates, resources, and webinars to help prepare you for Safe + Sound Week!

SHOW your commitment by sharing the save the date graphic on social media using #safeandsound2018.

For More Information go to http://www.dol.gov

If you belong to a membership organization, nonprofit organization, or educational institution, there is an opportunity to partner with OSHA on the campaign. Individual businesses can also become campaign supporters. Neither partnering nor supporting the campaign has a financial obligation. Contact safeandsoundcampaign@dol.gov to become a partner or business supporter.

Thank you for receiving updates from the Safe + Sound Campaign.

Organized by:

Safe and Sound Week 2018 organizers
______________________________________________________________________________________________

U.S. Department of Labor news materials are accessible at http://www.dol.gov. The department’s Reasonable Accommodation Resource Center converts departmental information and documents into alternative formats, which include Braille and large print. For alternative format requests, please contact the department at (202) 693-7828 (voice) or (800) 877-8339 (federal relay).

OSHA watch — Premium Reduction Center Blog

Temporary enforcement policy on monorail hoists in construction Employers whose monorail hoists fail to comply with requirements in the Crane and Derricks in Construction Standard will not be issued citations as long as they adhere to other regulations, according to a recent memorandum. The temporary enforcement policy notes stakeholders identified gaps in the standard regarding […]

via OSHA watch — Premium Reduction Center Blog

Forward Bending & Low Back Pain

Spine, Volume 21, Number 1, pp. 71-78, 1996, “Analysis of Lumbar Spine and Hip Motion During Forward Bending in Subjects With and Without a History of Low Back Pain,” written by Marcia A. Esola, M.S., P.T.; Philip W. McClure, M.S., P.T.; G. Kelley Fitzgerald, M.S., P.T.; and Sorin Siegler, Ph.D., U.S.A.:

In this study, a motion analysis system was used to measure the amount and velocity of lumbar spine and hip motion during forward bending.

The authors begin by citing the following previous findings:

EPIDEMIC OF LOW BACK PAIN

“Disorders of the low back have reached epidemic proportions, (DeRosa, C.P., 1992).”

BILLIONS OF $$$ ANNUALLY, LOST WORK TIME & WORKERS’ COMP CLAIMS

“Epidemiologic studies show that billions of dollars are spent annually on the problem of low back pain, which is one of the most commonly-cited problems for lost work time in industry and Workers’ Compensation claims, (Chase, J.A., 1992; Frymoyer, J.W., 1988; and Pope, M.H., et al., 1991).”

FREQUENT FORWARD BENDING & LOW BACK PAIN

“Researchers have shown an association between frequent forward bending and low back pain, (Berquist-Ullman, M., et al., 1977; Magora, A., 1973; Mellin, G., 1986; Punnett, L, et al., 1991; Svensson H.O., et al., 1989; Videman T., et al., 1989).”

SLOUCHING WHILE SEATED / BENDING AT THE WAIST WHILE STANDING

“Prolonged sitting with the lumbar spine in a flexed position (slouching) and flexed standing postures (bending at the waist) are also associated with an increased risk of low back pain, (Anderson, G.B.J., 1991; Berquist-Ullman, M., et al., 1977; Magora, A., 1972; Punnett, L., et al., 1991; Riihimaki, H., et al., 1989).”

OCCUPATIONS INVOLVING REPETITIVE FORWARD BENDING

“Saunders reports that people with herniated inter-vertebral discs often have a history of an activity or occupation involving repetitive forward bending.”

“Nachemson (1981) has shown that inter-vertebral disc pressure increases 20 percent over that measured in standing when forward bending 20 degrees, and increases 100 percent when bending up to 40 degrees.”

INADEQUATE HIP FLEXIBILITY & EXCESSIVE LUMBAR MOTION

“It has been suggested that inadequate hip flexibility coupled with excessive lumbar motion during forward bending results in low back pain, (Biering-Sorenson, F., 1984; Sahramann, S.A., 1993). . .Sahramann (1993) suggests that excessive lumbar mobility leads to tissue overloading, micro-trauma, and ultimately the development of degenerative joint and disc disease. A person may experience low back pain at any stage of this sequence of events.

FORWARD BENDING = RISK FACTOR FOR LOW BACK PAIN

“Forward bending has been clearly recognized as a risk factor for low back pain. Altered movement patterns of the lumbar spine and hips during forward bending may help explain why forward bending is a risk factor for the development of low back pain.”

HAMSTRING STRETCHING HELPFUL 

In the conclusions, the authors state: “The results provide quantitative data to guide clinical assessment of forward bending motion.  Results also suggest that although people with a history of low back pain have amounts of lumbar spine and hip motion during forward bending similar to those of healthy subjects, the pattern of motion is different.  It may be desirable to teach patients with a history of low back pain to use more hip motion during early forward bending, and hamstring stretching may be helpful for encouraging earlier hip motion.”